Benjamin Franklin's credo sounds like a generic, laid-back aphorism, spoken from a rocking-chair by someone's retired, church-minister uncle. Numerous academics try to paint Franklin as a sort of hippie-prototype, and he wasn't like that at all. You get a better idea of his personal convictions in Poor Richard's Almanack, published in 1733.

The pithy aphorisms of Poor Richard's Almanack don't really inspire me. Good literature gives a person wisdom with a human face and perspective, which the Almanack lacks. I marvel that a worldly man like Franklin could wax so folksy. :Anyway, here are a few aphorisms from Poor Richard's Almanack:

-1. At a working-man's house, hunger may look in but dare not enter.
-2. Diligence is the mother of good luck.
-3. God gives all things to industry.
-4. Industry gives comfort, plenty, and respect.
-5. Keep thy shop and thy shop shall keep thee.

Modern Americans should see Franklin's Credo quote in the context of Poor Richard's Almanack.

In his own "shop," Franklin invented the lightning rod, he established Philadelphia's prototype of a public library, and worked as a printer and engraver. He would appeal toThomas Edison or Henry Ford, more than to Benjamin Spock or Linus Pauling. Having said that, the Post Office Department should have quoted something more interesting or personal in its take on Franklin.

When I thought about redesigning the Credo stamps, I decided to eliminate Franklin altogether and use a quote from James Madison. Franklin supported the Revolution and signed the Declaration of Independence, but he had no further role in writing or framing the foundational documents that we use today.

Madison, on the other hand, basically wrote the text of the U.S. Constitution and the Bill of Rights, and then went through the arduous task of defending the documents against the States' Righters and their support of the failed Articles of Confederation.

Madison also wrote essays for the Federalist Papers, which laid down the framework of the new Federal Government. His contemporaries said he functioned less as a theoretician and more as a trial lawyer preparing his case. He comprehends with great foresight the problems posed by a democratic government, and how those problem would evolve in a modern nation. Madison's words appeal to me especially now:

   When a majority is included in a faction, the form of popular government . . . enables it to
   sacrifice to its ruling passion and interest both the public good and the rights of other citizens.

If Madison read this quote aloud to die-hard Democrats and Republicans, they would point fingers at each other endlessly until the cows come home. Not exactly a recipe for unity and national survival, and there is not much we can do about the endless finger-pointing except divide the nation, so that Democrats and Republicans can operate independently.


May 24, 2022

From the Dissenter's Dictionary: The Democratic Ideal—not so ideal?

During a trip to Germany a few years ago, I was sitting at breakfast reading newspapers and saw an article with a line that read "Agitators pressure our nation to democratize its institutions; but if they do this, will they make the society more compulsory?"

May 18, 2022

A Dissident's Dictionary-Fahrenheit 451

Does my reader feel unease about the trends in our society? Are you skeptical about its underlying value system—if there is a value system? Are you looking for a philosophical foundation to regain your footing and provide the basis for organized dissent? If you cannot check or alter the trends, you can at least understand their intentions.

May 17, 2022

A Dissident's Dictionary: Fahrenheit 451 2

Guy Montag meets a teenager named Clarisse McClellan at the beginning of the book. She goads Guy to review his life and start on a new course:

Lloyd Bowers


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