When I think of the important persons who helped found our nation, who did the fighting to free the nation from the British, who studied the lessons of history in order to build a hugely successful land of opportunity, and undergird it with first-rate foundational documents, I do not think right away of Francis Scott Key. He played an important role aguing cases, including many before the Supreme Court, and functioned as a sort of attorney-general in the government of the young nation; but he did not fight in the Revolutionary War, draft the foundational documents, or attend the Constitutional Convention. The quote selected by the Post Office Department, like the others in the Credo series, does not reveal anything personal about him.

Key is best remembered as the composer of our national anthem, "The Star-Spangled Banner," but its role as national anthem stirred opposition from the start. Music arrangers complained that it was hard to sing. More seriously, Key apparently lifted the music from a contemporary British drinking song "To Anacreon in Heaven," composed by John Stafford Smith and published in 1771. I would prefer something like Aaron Copland's "Fanfare for the Common Man" to serve as the anthem.

So I decided to omit Francis Scott Key entirely and to add John Adams to the Credo series. I do not understand why the Credo series does not include Adams already. He assumed a position of leadership amongst the Founding Fathers from the start. The Founders referred to Adams as the "Atlas of Independence."

He recommended George Washington to command the Continental Army, he drafted the influential Massachusetts State Constitution of 1779, and lobbied tirelessly for the ratification of Thomas Jefferson's Declaration of Independence. He possessed a trenchant sense of humor and the soaring intellectuality of an auto-didact--qualities I admire in all of the Founders.

I looked up quotations by John Adams and found that he is not only learnéd and persuasive, he is also very quotable. In a letter to John Taylor, a Virginian planter, he wrote, "Democracy never lasts long. It soon wastes, exhausts, and murders itself. There was never a democracy that did not commit suicide." He also criticized Taylor's friend Thomas Jefferson for accusing him of aristocratic allegiance. To think that Jefferson, a man of wealth who owned slaves, criticizing Adams who was the son of a farmer and an abolitionist, irritated Adams.

Jefferson also wanted the United States to have more democracy. Adams countered that the United States should have "a government of laws and not of men." He said, "If we cannot speak the law as it is, where is our liberty?"



September 30, 2022

Rolexes and Wealth

I remember the day my eighth-grade teacher arrived at school wearing his new wrist-watch. We saw this guy for the 180 days of the school-year and knew him pretty well--as well as anyone did. We noticed that, among his other mannerisms, he tended to look often at the watch during class. We thought he was keen to know the time on a regular basis. Now, I believe he was just admiring his new watch.

September 28, 2022

Family-life is not a Democracy

I ran into a problem yesterday when I returned to Germany. On my first evening, I wanted to slake my thirst for German beer, big-time! So I ordered a liter-serving right off the bat; but I knew I also wanted some wine and ordered a carafe of it, as well. Shamefully, I have to admit to not finishing either. I slaked my thirst, but had to leave some of it undrunk. I hate wasting anything, but I had work to do and wanted to operate on all my cylinders.

September 24, 2022

Violence in the Real

This article appeared last July in the Sunday edition of the Frankfurter Allgemeine newspaper, by the newspaper's expert on hip-hop music, Florentin Schuhmacher. He regards gangsta-rap, and its sub-genre Drill, as a legitimate art-form. He can understand the reservations that law enforcement, parents, and teachers have toward music that glorifies gang-life, describes the rush of killing one's enemies, the pleasure of drugs—as a source of wealth—and demeaning women; but Schumacher also says the police cannot simply censor it. They must distinguish between art and criminal acts, shooings, and robberies.

Lloyd Bowers


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